Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID)
Lymphoproliferative Disorder Immune System Disorders
Beta Thalassemia Major
Sickle Cell Disease
Errors of Metabolism
Hunter Syndrome (MPS-II)
fertilization, the egg and sperm form a 'zygote', from which all other cells in
the body are derived for the rest of the person' s lifetime. As the zygote continues to divide, the
resulting embryo consists of cells with the special ability to generate all the
organs and tissues in the human body.
These special cells are called 'stem cells', as they are literally, the stem from which
all other cell types arise.
cells continue to divide and grow, many of them become "differentiated",
meaning that they can no longer further give rise to more cells. Examples of such terminally
differentiated cells include brain cells and heart cells. It is because brain and heart cells are
differentiated that damage to such cells are life threatening, as in the case
of heart attacks, stroke, and spinal
cord injuries. There are many more diseases caused by irreparable injuries,
including diabetes, arthritis, Alzheimer's Disease,and Parkinson's Disease to name just a few.
Current medicine provides largely
symptomatic treatment of such diseases.
However, the next generation of medical therapies will arise from stem
cell research that is currently being conducted at a rapid pace around the
The first cord
blood transplant was performed in 1988 in France for a child with Fanconi Anemia
(a rare, lethal blood disorder).
The patient is alive and well today. During the past twenty years, cord blood banking has
developed into a scientifically and medically accepted means of storing stem
cells, and has been used in the treatment of over 50 diseases, including
cancers and various blood disorders.
While thousands of
cord blood transplants have been performed to date, many parents are still not
fully aware of the importance of cord blood banking, whether for public
donation, or for private banking for family use.
Cord Blood Stem Cell Research
At the moment,
stem cells are used in the treatment of over 50 cancers, immune disorders, and
genetic disorders. As technology progresses, it is likely that the field of
stem cells therapy will become more advanced, and the future uses of stem cells
can be limitless. Research in stem cell therapy include usage for treatment of
heart diseases, spinal cord injury, stroke, diabetes, and muscular dystrophy
Spinal Cord Injury
Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
Ex-Vivo Stem Cell